Installation Info: Zip Code: 23521, Area Code: 757, DSN: 253
The largest base of its kind in the world, Little Creek Naval Amphibious Base is the major operating station for the amphibious forces of the U.S. Atlantic Fleet. The base's primary location covers 2,120 acres in the extreme northwest corner of Virginia Beach. Little Creek's mission is to provide continuously improving support and services to operating forces and shore commands, and to enhance the quality of life within our community. Many consider Little Creek NAB the Navy's premier base because it has been frequently recognized for innovation and excellence. The combination of operational support and training facilities are geared almost exclusively for amphibious operations, making Little Creek NAB unique among bases of the U.S. and allied navies.
Little Creek Naval Amphibious Base grew out of four bases established during WWI -- the Amphibious Training Base, the Naval Frontier Base, and Camps Bradford and Shelton. In July 1945, the Secretary of the Navy unified the four bases under the auspices of Little Creek. Today, the amphibious base encompasses four locations spanning three states. The outlying facilities cover more than 9,000 acres, including a 6,013-acre Naval Gunfire Support Range in Bloodsworth Island, Md.; 350 acres at Camp Pendleton; and 21 acres known as Radio Island at Morehead City, N.C. Little Creek possesses more than 60 piers for the 30 Navy ships based at Little Creek. Navy, Army and Marine Corps Reserve units train at the base because of it woodland terrain, sandy beaches and mudflats, which are realistic landscapes for combat. The training is coordinated through the Naval Marine Corps Reserve Readiness Center assigned to Little Creek. Through this program, more than 4,500 Reservists are trained here annually.
Children residing on base attend public or private schools in the surrounding counties. There is a medical clinic on base, with referrals to the Portsmouth Naval Medical Center.
Little Creek Naval Amphibious Base provides recreational activities for the entire family. It offers a gym, bowling, golf, tennis, sailing center and marina, picnic areas and beaches. Also on base is the Foc'sle Recreation Center, the newest high-tech computer and sports facility. The Fos'cle is "home away from home for Internet, sports, movies, games, and fun." It features some of the latest entertainment sources such as DirecTV, Nintendo, Playstation, board games and darts.
Norfolk, the second largest city in Virginia, is at the mouth of the James, Elizabeth, and Nansemond rivers, near the outlet of Chesapeake Bay on the Atlantic Ocean. With the cities of Hampton, Portsmouth, and Newport News, Norfolk forms the port of Hampton Roads, one of the greatest natural harbors in the world. Nearby are many of Virginia's ocean recreation areas. Norfolk's tourist attractions include the extensive Gardens-by-the-Sea, an annual International Azalea Festival, and the Douglas MacArthur Memorial, a restored 1850 courthouse that includes the general's burial crypt. Named after Norfolk, England, the town was founded in 1682 and was incorporated as a borough in 1736 and later as a city in 1845. Its early growth was based on the West Indies trade and the shipment of products, such as tobacco, tar, and lumber, from the plantations in Virginia and North Carolina. During the American Revolution it suffered a British naval bombardment in early 1776 and was invaded and occupied by British troops in 1779. During the war every building except Saint Paul's Church (1739) was destroyed. Rebuilt after the war, Norfolk became an important shipbuilding and maritime center. A severe epidemic of yellow fever in 1855, however, seriously retarded its development. Union forces captured Norfolk in May 1862 during the Civil War. Its enormous military growth began during WWI. Because of federal defense cuts and base closures in the early 1990s, however, Norfolk lost military jobs and defense-related civilian jobs, especially in the shipping industry.